A Fortified Town Built at Tolaga in New Zealand

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Product No. cook-first-voyage019

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An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere

First edition print from Cook’s first voyage, in which the explorer was commissioned to observe the transit of Venus across the Sun and seek evidence that postulated Terra Australis Incognita, or “unknown southern land.” This print depicts a fortified town, called a Hippah, built on a perforated rock at Tolaga in New Zealand. This image was decribed by Joseph Banks in Haweskworth’s journal: “After breakfast we all went ashore to see an Indian Fort or Eppah . . . We went to a bay where there were two, we landed near a small one the most beautifuly romantick thing I ever saw. It was built on a small rock detached from the main and surroundd at high water, the top of this was fencd round with rails after their manner but was not large enough to contain above 5 or 6 houses; the whole appeard totally inaccessible to any animal who was not furnishd with wings, indeed it was only approachable by one very narrow and steep path, but what made it most truly romantick was that much the largest part of it was hollowd out into an arch which penetrated quite through it and was in hight not less than 20 yards perpendicular above the water which ran through it.”

This fascinating, first edition folio engraving is from Captain James Cook & James King’s An Account of the Voyages Undertaken by the Order of His Present Majesty for Making Discoveries in the Southern Hemisphere. The work was published in London by Strahan and Cadell in 1773. It is the official account of Cook’s first voyage.

Cook’s first voyage of three, taking place between 1768 and 1771, was a combined Royal Navy and Royal Society expedition to the South Pacific aboard the HMS Endeavour. Departing from the Plymouth Dockyard in August 1768, the expedition crossed the Atlantic and reached Tahiti in time to observe the transit of Venus before setting off into the largely uncharted ocean to the south. In 1769, the crew reach New Zealand, and spent six months charting the coast before resuming their journey westward. In 1770 the crew became the first Europeans to reach the east coast of Australia before rounding the Cape of Good Hope in 1771 and returning to England the summer of that year.

“The famous accounts of Captain Cook’s three voyages form the basis for any collection of Pacific books. In three great voyages Cook did more to clarify the geographical knowledge of the southern hemisphere than all his predecessors had done together. He was really the first scientific navigator and his voyages made great contributions to many fields of knowledge.” (Hill)

“Cook earned his place in history by opening up the Pacific to western civilization and by the foundation of British Australia. The world was given for the first time an essentially complete knowledge of the Pacific Ocean and Australia, and Cook proved once and for all that there was no great southern continent, as had always been believed. He also suggested the existence of antarctic land in the southern ice ring, a fact which was not proved until the explorations of the nineteenth century.” (Printing and the Mind of Man p.135)

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