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This exceptional color lithograph is from Ernst Haeckel’s work Kunstformen der Natur or Art Forms in Nature. The work was published in Leipzig and Vienna by Verlag des Bibliographischen Instituts in 1904. It featured illustrations of radiolarians, sea anemones, siphonophorae, semaeostomeae, and other sea creatures.
Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919), known as the “Darwin of Germany” was an author, artist, physician, biologist, and nature philosopher. Haeckel discovered radiolarian, a type of amoeboid protozoa that produces intricate mineral skeletons found as plankton throughout the ocean. He also originated the terms “phylum” and “ecology.”
Kunstformen der Natur is his most famous illustrated work. It bridged the gap between science and art inspiring numerous artists at the turn of the 20th century especially thouse associated with Art Nouveau.