“The Great Siege of Gibralter was an unsuccessful attempt by Spain and France to capture Gibralter from the British during the American War for Independence. Incredibly detailed, the map shows among other details, ‘the Works. Batteries, and incampments of the Spanish Army on the 19th of Octr. 1782,’ and ‘the Position of the of the Combined Fleet and the Attack by the Battering ships Septr. 13th of the same year.'” (Donald Heald)
This large folio map is from William Faden’s A New General Atlas. The work was published by Faden in London circa 1808. The maps are dated between 1778 and 1808 by Faden, Laurie & Whittle, L.S. de La Rochette, Henry Roberts and others. Each engraving features original hand-coloring. The atlas featured hemispheric maps, a Mercator-projection world map, charts of numerous bodies of water, and a few exceptional large scale maps (Italy, Mediterranean).
William Faden (1750-1836) was an English cartographer and publisher. He served as the royal geographer to King George III providing the crown and parliament with maps. Faden took over Thomas Jefferys successful map business in 1771, and first published under the title Faden and Jefferys. He established a name for himself in mapping North America during the American Revolution and published the North American Atlas in 1777. Faden’s “contribution to the development of cartography was considerable, commissioning new surveys and publishing the work of mapmakers throughout Europe” (Tooley).